Battle of Hickory Point

Saturday, September 13, 1856 to Sunday, September 14, 1856

Colonel James Henry Lane at the Battle of Hickory Point. Painting by S.J. Reader. Courtesy of the Kansas Historical Society.

James H. Lane leads a force of jayhawkers against Hickory Point, a proslavery settlement in Jefferson County, Kansas, that recently supported an attack against Grasshopper Falls. Lane soon understands that he lacks artillery to attack the log buildings, and he retreats. During the retreat, Missourians pursue Lane's forces and attack, but the jayhawkers return fire. After receiving word that Territorial Governor John Geary had ordered a ceasefire, Lane withdraws, but reinforcements from Lawrence under command of Colonel James A. Harvey arrive on September 14, toting the captured cannon "Old Sacramento," and fire on the town. One proslavery man is killed, four others wounded, and several Free-Staters are wounded before a ceasefire is called and the Missourians withdraw from the area. 100 Free-Staters are arrested by U.S. troops, but they are later acquitted for acting in self-defense. 

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